The Mayan Calendar
It was used in the culture of the Mayas and the Aztecs and the Toltec, and Nahua peoples. It is divided into two parts. The first part is a part of the ritual, it has 260 days and is called the tzolkin is a feedback cycle that is 20 days and 13-day cycle.
The second part is a part of the solar, it has 365 days and is called the Haab, is divided into 18 months of 20 days and 1 month 5 days.
The Mayan calendar we know from the hieroglyphic inscriptions, which are only partly deciphered these inscriptions are from monuments of the Mayan culture. Mayans write down important dates for them, an example of this is an eclipse of the sun, they watched very closely over time. They built pyramids to measure the long months.
Created by the Mayan calendar was used in the population of Mesoamerica, but the Aztecs of central Mexico used this calendar. People who do not believe that the moment of the Mayan calendar end, the anticipated date of expiry of the last world will end. There are many conspiracy theories in order to find a way to survive the end of the world or not.
Predicted by the Mayan end of the world is going to happen December 21, 2012. According to the legends that circulate among the people of Mesoamerica were four worlds, these worlds according to legend, ended their existence to natural disasters, he finished fourth in the great flood.
We live in 5 world that has come to an end the great movement of the earth. The main document from which we learned about the Mayan calendar is the Dresden Codex, one of three documents that survived the Spanish and Christian invasions. Maya wrote down the movements of heavenly bodies and planets in the sky, they had their special religious significance. The Maya civilization developed, and urban agriculture.
Founded in pre-Columbian times in Mesoamerica. Their main base of the economy was agriculture, cultivated corn, beans, pumpkins, chili, fruit trees and cotton. They were involved in the breeding turkeys.
The Mayans also to extract food from sources such as hunting, fishing and gathering. An important role played by trade in land and sea. Their intricate hieroglyphs contain animal characters, objects and the gods. They were writing important dates astronomical predictions of the priests and the names of their gods. Found the date of death and birth of kings.